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托福听力常见六大语音问题

时间:2020-10-22 10:26来源:江苏朗阁外语培训中心 作者:朗阁君
托福听力大概是托福四单项中最难提分的部分之一,而听不懂可以说是阻碍很多童鞋托福听力提升的一大拦路虎,其中听不懂的一大原因就是各类常见语音问题。 下面我们梳理了托福听

托福听力大概是托福四单项中最难提分的部分之一,而“听不懂”可以说是阻碍很多童鞋托福听力提升的一大拦路虎,其中听不懂的一大原因就是各类常见语音问题。

 

下面我们梳理了托福听力中常见的六大类语音问题,大家可以用心借鉴学习。

 

1. 连读问题

托福听力过程中的连读问题

(1) 关键性词语出现连读:否定形式

not at all:The meeting yesterday wasn’t at all boring.

(2) 常用性词语出现连读

for him

连读中的基本规则

(1) 辅音+元音连读

I was found on the ground by the fountain about a field of a summer stride.

Not at all.

Rush hour.

This dictionary is not exactly what I wanted but it will do.

Travel agency, travel agent

(2) 辅音+辅音连读

Some money, bike key

(3) 元音+元音连读

Be on time

An apple a day keeps the doctor away

(4) H连读

I lent him a book.

Larry is taking a lot of art, isn’t he?

The stuff the nurse gave me seemed to have helped.

I must have left my keys at my sister’s house.

She learned to use the computer on her own.

(5) 其他特殊连读

【t】+【j】=【ch】:meet you, hurt you, that your

【d】+【j】=【dg】:would you, hand your, did you

【s】+【j】=【sh】:miss you, this year

【z】+【j】=【g】:as usual, because you

l Example: won’t you, don’t you, didn’t you, haven’t you, hadn’t you, wouldn’t you, weren’t you, last year, next year, not yet, did you, had you, would you, I advice you, I use your, how’s your.

 

2. 失爆问题

托福听力过程中的失爆问题:【p】,【b】,【t】,【d】,【k】,【g】任意两个连续出现就会发生失爆现象

Sit down, good night, friendly

this calculator isn’t working right.

I think you’ve got the battery in upside down.

 

3. 略读问题

托福听力过程中的略读问题:书写时将两个或多个相邻的单词省略某些字母而连接起来

I am = I’m, you have = you’ve, how is = how’s, that would = that’d

Doesn’t, didn’t, shouldn’t, hadn’t, hasn’t, wouldn’t, won’t

Official guide P199:OK. So we’ve talked about some different types of root systems of plants, and I’ve shown you some pretty cool slides, but now I want to talk about the extent of the rot system- the overall size of the root system…the depth.

如何解决略读问题

I’m, you’re, she’s, they’re, there’s, he’s, who’s

We’ve, he’ll, she’d, she’ll, she’s, they’d, they’ve, they’ll

Can’t, weren’t, won’t, aren’t, wouldn’t, shouldn’t

Gotta, gonna

 

4. 弱读问题

托福听力过程中的弱读问题

(1) 介词弱化:

stay at home, do it for fun, come from China, go in the house, a cup of coffee, the train to Paris

(2) 代词弱化:

Phone us when you are free.

I’ve lost my book.

(3) 连词弱化:

Please give me some cream and sugar.

l Either Tom or Peter can come.

 

5. 英美音差异问题

托福听力过程中的英美音问题

(1) 【r】音问题

Idea, really

They weren’t at the dorm last night.

(A) They went to the dormitory.

(B) They didn’t go to the dormitory.

The snow is really coming down, isn’t it?

Rarely do we have so much snow in December.

What does the man mean?

(A) it is typical December weather for this region.

(B) such a large amount of snow is unusual for this month.

(2) 【o】【a:】

Glass, class, fast

Hot, box, rock

(3) 其他情况

Neither

如何解决英美音问题

常见易混音:Course-cause, once more-one small, career-Korea, worse-was, bore-ball, door-doll, core-call, tear-tea, short-shot

不加儿化音的词:China, Australia, banana, wall

常见英美音不同读法:Neither, either, record, cupboard, cassette, garage, laboratory, adult, ordinary, secretary, dictionary

 

6. 词性变音问题

托福听力过程中的词性变音问题

Method- methodically

校园词汇的变音:meteorology, economics, geography

 

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