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2022年1月15日雅思考试回顾

时间:2022-01-17 15:08来源:江苏朗阁外语培训中心 作者:朗阁君
2022年1月15日雅思考试回顾

2022年1月15日雅思考试口语回顾

Part1题目汇总(加粗题为高频题)

Part2 题目汇总(加粗题为高频题)

人物类:

Describe someone you really like to spend time with.

Describe a person who contributes to the society.

Describe a person who you follow on social media.

Describe a person you only met once and want to know more about.

Describe a businessman you admire.

Describe a famous athlete you know.

Describe a person who solved a problem in a smart way.

地点类:

Describe a house or an apartment you would like to live in.

Describe a place in a village that you visited.

Describe a city that you think is very interesting.

Describe a cafe you like to visit.

Describe a place you visited on vacation.

物品类:

Describe an interesting song.

Describe a story someone told you and you remember.

Describe a gift you would like to buy for you friend.

Describe a skill that you learned from older people.

Describe an item of clothing that someone gave you.

Describe a course that impressed you a lot.

Describe a rule that you don’t like.

Describe a special cake you received from others.

Describe an ambition that you haven’t achieved.

Describe something that was broken in your home and then repaired.

Describe something you received for free.

Describe something you can’t live without (not a computer/phone).

Describe a toy you liked in your childhood.

Describe a habit your friend has and you want to develop.

Describe a difficult decision that you once made.

Describe an exciting book that you enjoy reading.

Describe something you spent more than expected on.

事件类:

Describe a time you visited a new place.

Describe a thing you did to learn another language.

Describe an interesting conversation you had with your friend.

Describe a long walk you ever had.

Describe a time when you organized a happy even successful.

Describe a time when you waited for something special that would happen.

Describe a bicycle/motorcycle/car trip you would like to go.

Describe a good service you received.

Describe a time you were friendly to someone you didn’t like.

Describe a time when you got up early.

Describe an activity you usually do that waste your time.

Describe a time you moved to a new house or school.

朗阁老师点评

Part1:

1月换题季补充的新题已经相对稳定,很多新话题对于大家来说难度其实不是特别高。在第一部分答题时要准确清晰的回答考官的问题,把握住正确的时态,以及细节原因的补充拓展。

Part2:

第二部分的新题也逐渐稳定下来,有不少话题也是可以直接和老题串联的,比如对社会做出贡献的人串联有名的商人,难学的技能串联和长辈学习的技能,这样可以帮助大家节省备考的时间。同时在part2大家一定要充分利用考场上准备的一分钟时间,仔细读题,一定要正确把握题目的意思,抓紧时间记录一些重点,来提示自己的答题。

考试建议

在考前一定要熟悉口语题库,熟悉近期考察的重点话题;其次整体的口语考试,流利度是最重要的,可以选择自己熟悉的方向进行答题,祝大家顺利考试,取得满意的成绩!

2022年1月15日雅思考试听力回顾

场景话题:

P1 家政保姆咨询/ P2 学生旅游/ P3 关于在线教学/ P4 关于昆虫研究

P1填空/ P2 填空+多选+单选/ P3 多选+单选/ P4 填空

朗阁讲师点评

本次考试难度偏难,本场考试填空题出现在P1、P2、P4。答案(仅供参考)如下:

P1:家政保姆咨询

题型:填空

1. dressing

2. medication

3. clinic

4. companionship

5. FX562RN

6. holidays

7. meals

8. 4th March

9. certificate

10. Howell

P2:学生旅游

题型: 填空+多选+单选

11-14 填空

11. student card

12. 10.10

13. 75

14. taxi

15-16 多选

B D

17-20 单选

17. A

18. C

19. C

20. B

P3:关于在线教学

题型:多选+单选

新题待回忆

P4:关于昆虫研究

题型:填空

新题待回忆

1月第二场雅思听力考试整体难度较难,据考生反馈从part one开始语速就偏快。考察的题型是较为常见的题型搭配组合,P1、P2、P4填空题要填的词汇本身并不难,要注意一些生活场景中数字信息的听写与还原,以及clinic、medication、companionship这些词汇的正确拼写。P1考察的是咨询场景,属于高频的考察场景,考生平时要加强审题能力的培训,建立清晰的定位元素,避免语速较快情况下,跟丢了题目。此外考点词的同意替换仍是重点考察元素,而本场数字信息的听取和还原也提醒了我们在日常要加强数字信息听音辩词的基本功训练。P2考察旅游场景是高频考察场景,本场题型较为丰富,同时考察了填空+选择+配对题,考生要注意在有限的审题时间内,对于选项做好简化和核心要素的提取,并注意录音信息描述时常见同意替换类型的呈现。P3多选和单选的组合与上一场考察题型组合完全一致,要注意多选题组之间节奏点的划分,要根据题干所提供的定位词建立起组与组之间的节点划分,千万不要串题组,题组跟踪定位一旦失误,就会造成大面积的失分。而P4昆虫研究的讲座,整体考察词汇不难,题材也是比较常规的,涉及到生物类别的词汇填写,在学术场景也是比较高频和常见的。

本场考试需注意“选择+多选”的题型组合,P2和P3都是此类题型组合的高频考察地带,平时要多加强这部分的练习。参考剑桥练习:剑15Test1 Section3;剑15Test4 Section2;剑16Test4 Section3,剑16Test3 Section2。

备注: 本场考试填空选择比例24:16。题型方面,P1 和P4各10道填空题,P2考了四题填空。录音语速较快,给考生在信息捕捉上制造了不小的难度;P2考察场景虽然是高频场景,但题型搭配较为丰富,给考生在规范时间内应对不同题型,细腻审读题干提出了很高的要求。P3多选题组+单选,语速也是较快,且对方双方来回探讨时交替出现的干扰项也较为频繁,日常练习此部分时一定要加强精听环节对于干扰项的甄别与分析,结合听力文本揣摩逻辑关系以及考点句呈现的位置,进一步建立鉴别的敏感度。P4考察笔记填空,所考察场景与生物学相关,审题时可以利用题干给出信息对于空格建立起一定的预判角度,对答案的基本形态形成较为准确的预判,据反馈P4虽是新题,但词汇本身的填写也并不复杂,平时要加强长题干分析的练习,跟准定位并积累同义替换,注意定位词后置现象,以及利用语法结构的调整给出答案的这种出题设置模式。

考试建议

1. 场景方面:场景方面依然是主流场景(咨询、旅游生活场景、课程讨论、学科探讨和讲座),在接下来的考试中,考生还应将重点放在P1咨询,租房,求职 ,P2旅游,活动及公共场所设施介绍,P3课程讨论及论文写作,P4各类学科探讨和讲座。

2. 题型:本次考试题型设置较常规。P1,P4填空为主;P2,P3单选/多选和配对为主。

3. 机经:如需参考机经,以2016-2020年机经为主。

2022年1月15日雅思考试写作回顾

小作文: 饼图

大作文: Many people use social media everyday to keep in touch with friends and get social news. Do you think the advantages of it outweigh the disadvantages?

朗阁讲师点评

1.本次考试 难度中等。

2.整体分析

Task 1:pie chart 饼

注意:1.主要数据的挑选,相关信息的横向和纵向对比。2. 注意正文段表述数据时态的选择;3.词汇和句式结构,多样性。

相关对比表达:

1. A ranked first, which accounted for m %.

2. A was the leading + n., accounting for m %.

3. A covered the largest/ biggest share with m %.

4. Next came B with n %, which was followed by C (x % ).

5. The remaining (剩下的) n % went to X.

Task 2 :科技类

题目翻译:很多人每天使用社交媒体,用来和朋友保持联络和获取新闻。你觉得优点大于缺点吗?(双边讨论文)

从话题上来说,属于科技媒介这一大类,话题比较贴近学生生活,大部分考生都应该有话可写,难点在于如何写的不要过于抽象,无论写哪一方观点尽量写出具体的影响

注意:题目中有比较级outweigh 如果选择一边倒的观点,建议按照双边讨论题文章结构写--即:如果优点大于缺点,缺点方写完要进行削弱。

以下推荐一个优点大于缺点的回答,四段式的写法:

第一段:背景+话题+个人回应。

第二段:使用社交媒体的优点。

第三段:使用社交媒体的缺点。(在段落最后做一个削弱逻辑)

第四段:总结段-所以个人观点认为优点大于缺点。

优缺点的逻辑比较简单,这里提供一些可以选择的思路:

Advantage:

相比面对面的交流,人们可以更紧密的彼此联络(people can keep in touch more closely by e-mail or instant messenger services)。比如当学习或者工作当中遇到困难可以及时的获得来自朋友的意见或者帮助。作为一个结果是,社交媒体成为了人们不可或缺的分享快乐和压力的媒介(social media has become an indispensable medium for sharing happiness and stress.)社交软件让人们随时随地(regardless the limitations of time and geography)获取世界各地的新闻(makes the public aware of events around the world)。我们同样可以阅读不同国家不同语言的新闻(people can read the news in any language from any country in the world.)

Disadvantage:

很多孩子的父母们担心,他们很难控制孩子们到底在网络上看了些什么,也常常不知道他们的孩子在与网络上的什么人交流(it difficult to control what their children see online, and they do not always know who their children are chatting to.) 网络上的新闻也可能不可靠(unreliable)并且浪费时间。网络上或者一些社交媒体软件上谁都能发表信息(allows anybody to publish their own writing),但是报纸报刊上是由专业人员写的(Newspaper articles are written by professionals)他们写的质量更高(produce better quality writing than amateurs.)

考试建议

1.小作文:重点关注表格、柱图

2.大作文:重点关注教育、政府话题。

3.重点浏览2019年写作机经,可借助《高分范文书》第8版经典旧题来复习。

2022年1月15日雅思考试阅读回顾

P1 英国纺织服装的发展

P2 年龄与大脑

P3 园艺种植

朗阁讲师点评

本场考试的难度中等。第一篇相对比较简单,第二篇是考察很多次的旧题,第三篇的难度稍大,但难度也属于最后一篇的正常范围。

2. 整体分析:涉及制造业(P1)、心理学(P2)、社科类(P3)。

第一篇文章暂时题型缺失,但据学生反馈难度并不大。

第二篇文章是考过很多次的文章,题型搭配是:段落信息匹+人名匹+填空。虽然匹配题较多,但人名匹相对来说算是比较好定位也比较好做的一种题型了。所以整体难度也OK。

第三篇文章题型搭配是:判断+选择。依然是常规的题型,文章整体难度也不算特别大。

3. 部分答案及参考文章:

Passage 1:澳大利亚糖厂

题型:缺失

具体文章及答案待确认

Passage 2:年龄与大脑

题型:段落信息匹配(5题)+人名匹配(4题)+填空(4题)

参考文章:

A. Aging, it is now clear, is part of an ongoing maturation process that all our organs go through. In a sense, aging is keyed to the level of vigor of the body and the continuous interaction between levels of body activity and levels of mental activity," reports Arnold.B Scheibel, M.D., whose very academic title reflects how once far-flung domains now converge on the mind and the brain. Scheibel is professor of anatomy, cell biology, psychiatry, and behavioral sciences at the University of California at Los Angeles, and director of the university' s Brain Research Institute, Experimental evidence has backed up popular assumptions that the aging mind undergoes decay analogous to that the aging body. Younger monkeys, chimps, and lower animals consistently outperform their older colleagues on memory tests. In humans, psychologists concluded, memory and other mental functions deteriorate over time because of inevitable organic changes in the brain as neurons die off. Mental decline after young adulthood appeared inevitable.

B. Equipped with imaging techniques that capture the brain in action, Stanley Rapoport, Ph.D., at the National Institutes of Health, measured the flow of blood in the brains of old and young people as they went through the task of matching photos of faces. Since blood flow reflects neuronal activity, R apoport could compare which networks of neurons were being used by different subjects. Even when the reaction times of older and younger subjects were the same, the neural networks they used were significantly different. The older subjects were using different internal strategies to accomplish the same result in the same time," Rapoport says. Either the task required greater effort on the part of the older subjects or the work of neurons originally involved in tasks of that type had been taken over by other neurons, creating different networks.

C. At the Georgia Institute of Technology, psychologist Timothy Salthouse, Ph.D., compared a group of very fast and accurate typists of college age with another group in their 60s. Since reaction time is faster in younger people and most people's fingers grow less nimble with age, younger typists might be expected to tap right along while the older ones fumble. But both typed 60 words a minute. The older typists, it turned out, achieved their speed with cunning little strategies that made them far more efficient than their younger counterparts: They made fewer finger movements, saving a fraction of a second

here and there. They also read ahead in the text. The neural networks involved in typing appear to have been reshaped to compensate for losses in motor skills or other age changes.

D. When a rat is kept in isolation without playmates or objects to interact with, the animal's brain shrinks, but if we put that rat with 11 other rats in a large cage and give them an assortment of wheels, ladders, and other toys, we can show - after four days - significant differences in its brains," says Diamond, professor of integrative biology. Proliferating dendrites first appear in the visual association areas. After a month in the enriched environment, the whole cerebral cortex has expanded, as has its blood supply. Even in the enriched environment, rats get bored unless the toys are varied. Animals are just like we are. They need stimulation," says Diamond.

E. One of the most profoundly important mental functions is memory- notorious for its failure with age. So important is memory that the Charles A. Dana Foundation recently spent $8.4 million to set up a consortium of leading medical centers to measure memory loss and aging through brain-imaging technology, neurochemical experiments, and cognitive and psychological tests. One thing, however, is already fairly clear - many aspects of memory are not a function of age at all but of education. Memory exists in more than one form. What we call knowledge - facts - is what psychologist such as Harry P. Bahrick, Ph.D., of Ohio Wesleyan University calls semantic memory. Events, conversations, and occurrences in time and space, on the other hand, make up episodic or event memory, which is triggered by cues from the context. If you were around in 1963 you don't need to be reminded of the circumstances surrounding the moment you heard that JFK had been assassinated. That event is etched into your episodic memory.

F. When you forget a less vivid item, like buying a roll of paper towels at the supermarket, you may blame it on your aging memory. It's true that episodic memory begins to decline when most people are in their 50s, but it's never perfect at any age. Every memory begins as an event," says Bahrick. Through repetition, certain events leave behind a residue of knowledge, or semantic memory. On a specific day in the past, somebody taught you that two and two are four, but you’ve been over that information so often you don't remember where you learned it. what started as an episodic memory has become a permanent part of your knowledge base." You remember the content, not the context. Our language knowledge, our knowledge of the world and of people, is largely that permanent or semi-permanent residue.

G. Probing the longevity of knowledge, Bahrick tested 1,000 high school graduates to see how well they recalled their algebra. Some had completed the course as recently as a month before, others as long as 50 years earlier. He also determined how long each person had studied algebra, the grade received, and how much the skill was used over the course of adulthood. Surprisingly, a person's grasp of algebra at the time of testing did not depend on how long ago he'd taken the course - the determining factor was the duration of instruction. Those who had spent only a few months learning algebra forgot most of it within two or three years.

H. In another study, Bahrick discovered that people who had taken several courses in Spanish, spread out over a couple of years, could recall, decades later, 60 per cent or more of the vocabulary they learned. Those who took just one course retained only a trace after three years. This long-term residue of knowledge remains stable over the decades, independent of the age of the person and the age of the memory. No serious deficit appears until people get to their 50s and 60s, probably due to the degenerative processes of aging rather than a cognitive loss."

I. You could say meta-memory is a byproduct of going to school," says psychologist Robert Kail, Ph.D., of Purdue University, who studies children from birth to 20 years, the time of life when mental development is most rapid. "The question-and- answer process, especially exam-taking, helps children learn - and also teaches them how their memory works." This may be one reason why, according to a broad range of studies in people over 60, the better educated a person is, the more likely they are to perform better in life and on psychological tests. A group of adult novice chess players were compared with a group of child experts at the game. In tests of their ability to remember a random series of numbers the adults, as expected, outscored the children. But when asked to remember the patterns of chess pieces arranged on a board, the children won. "Because they' d played a lot of chess, their knowledge of chess was better organized than that of the adults, and their existing knowledge of chess served as a framework for new memory,"

J. Specialized knowledge is a mental- resource that only improves with time. Crystallized intelligence about one 's occupation apparently does not decline at all until at least age 75, and if there is no disease or dementia, may remain even longer. Special knowledge is often organized by a process called chunking." If procedure A and procedure B are always done together, for example, the mind may merge them into a single command. When you apply yourself to a specific interest - say, cooking - you build increasingly elaborate knowledge structures that let you do more an do it better. This ability, which is tied to experience, is the essence of expertise. Vocabulary is one such specialized form of accrued knowledge. Research clearly shows that vocabulary improves with time. Retired professionals, especially teachers and journalists, consistently score higher on tests of vocabulary and general information than college students, who are supposed to be in their mental prime.

参考答案:

14.F

15.C

16.B

17. 待补充
18.A

19.A

20.C
21.A

22.D

23.Ability

24.85

25. 待补充

26.Memory

Passage 3:园艺种植

具体文章,题型和参考答案待确认

考试建议

目前的考试趋势,依然是第一篇以判断、填空为主,所以在准备的过程中,还是要继续,多做这种题型的搭配。到了第二篇会出现题型的多样化,包括选择题、匹配题之类,只要记住匹配题都是放在最后来做,就可以了。平时的练习中,也多注意这一类的题型搭配,合理使用做题顺序,节省做题时间。

2. 下场考试的话题可能有生物类,社科类和文学类。

3. 重点浏览2014到2019年机经。

(责任编辑:朗阁君)

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